Campus Design in India by Achyut Kanvinde: A Review
Campus design is an important aspect of architecture and urban planning, especially in a developing nation like India. Campus design involves creating functional, aesthetic and sustainable spaces for education, research and social interaction. One of the pioneers of campus design in India was Achyut Kanvinde, a renowned architect who designed several prominent campuses across the country.
campus design in india by achyut kanvinde pdf download
Achyut Kanvinde (1916-2002) was a student of Walter Gropius at Harvard University and a follower of the modernist movement. He returned to India in 1947 and established his own practice, Kanvinde Rai and Chowdhury. He was influenced by the Indian context, culture and climate, and adapted the principles of modernism to suit the local needs and conditions. He was also inspired by the traditional Indian architecture, especially the use of courtyards, terraces and water features.
Some of his notable campus projects include:
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur (1960-1964), which was one of the first IITs established in India. Kanvinde designed the campus as a series of interconnected buildings arranged around a central plaza. The buildings were simple and functional, with exposed brick walls, concrete frames and large windows. The campus also had landscaped gardens, water bodies and recreational facilities.
The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) Campus in Anand (1969-1971), which was a pioneering institution for the development of the dairy industry in India. Kanvinde designed the campus as a cluster of low-rise buildings surrounded by greenery and water channels. The buildings were modular and flexible, with prefabricated components and movable partitions. The campus also had a central auditorium, a library and a cafeteria.
The Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore (1977-1983), which was one of the premier management institutes in India. Kanvinde designed the campus as a series of terraced buildings that followed the contours of the site. The buildings were clad with local stone and had sloping roofs, courtyards and balconies. The campus also had a central library, an auditorium and a sports complex.
Kanvinde's campus designs were based on his understanding of the educational philosophy, the social context and the environmental conditions of each project. He aimed to create spaces that fostered learning, interaction and innovation. He also tried to integrate the campus with the surrounding community and landscape. His campus designs were widely appreciated and influenced many other architects and planners in India.
Kanvinde's book Campus Design in India: Experience of a Developing Nation, co-authored with H. James Miller, was published in 1969 by Jostens/American Yearbook Company. The book documented his campus projects and discussed his design approach and methodology. The book also included drawings, photographs and plans of his campus designs. The book was one of the first comprehensive studies on campus design in India and became a valuable reference for students, teachers and practitioners.
The book is available as a PDF file online from various sources[^1^] [^2^]. However, it is not clear whether these sources have the permission to share it or not. Therefore, it is advisable to check the copyright status before downloading or using the book. 29c81ba772